Science now understands how chronic toxic stress leads to physical and emotional ill health in our community and how we can give new hope to children.
Toxic stress is caused by adverse childhood experiences (ACEs). When children are worried about getting enough to eat, living with an abusive family member or the witnessing domestic violence in their home, they see the world as a dangerous place. As a child experiences ACEs over and over again, his or her toxic stress level continues to rise. These children develop defensive, aggressive behaviors and are less trusting of others. They can’t focus on learning or building healthy relationships with others, because they’re too busy worrying about surviving.”


The Science of Hope shows us that we can reverse the harm that many children experience.  ACEs create an environment of chronic toxic stress, which physically changes the way a child’s brain develops. This has lasting physical, social and behavioral effects.