An article from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network synthesizes a wide array of research on the topic of complex trauma. Complex traumatic exposure refers to children’s experiences of multiple traumatic events that occur within the caregiving system – the social environment that is supposed to be the source of safety and stability in a child’s life.

Complex trauma has a high cost on society as it has profound effects on the child’s development affecting both their physical and emotional well-being. Also included in this review are protective factors, approaches to treatment and recommendations for future directions in the field.

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